All italics, bold print, underlining, inside numbering and *footnotes are mine. Wording and spelling is original.
CONSTITUTION OF USA – Transcription – Article 1 Sections 8, 9, & 10
The Congress shall have Power To 1lay and collect aTaxes, bDuties, cImposts and dExcises, to 2pay the Debts and 3provide for the acommon Defence and bgeneral Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
To provide for 1organizing, 2arming, and 3disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of 1Forts, 2Magazines, 3Arsenals, 4dock-Yards, and 5other needful Buildings;–And
To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.
The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.
The Privilege of the *Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.
No Bill of Attainder or *ex post facto Law shall be passed.
No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another; nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.
No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.
No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.
No State shall 1enter into any aTreaty, bAlliance, or cConfederation;2 grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; 3coin Money; 4emit Bills of Credit; 5make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; 6pass any aBill of Attainder,bex post facto Law, or cLaw impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or 7grant any Title of Nobility.
No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it’s inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.
No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.
* A writ of habeas corpus is a judicial mandate to a prison official ordering that an inmate be brought to the court so it can be determined whether or not that person is imprisoned lawfully and whether or not he should be released from custody.
*An ex post facto law (from the Latin for “from after the action” or “after the fact”) or retroactive law is a law that retroactively changes the legal consequences (or status) of actions committed or relationships that existed prior to the enactment of the law.
- The Constitution of the United States of America (jlue.wordpress.com)
- United States Constitution – Article I sec 10 (zeraland.wordpress.com)
- Constitution of the USA – Article 1 Sections 4, 5, 6, & 7 (jlue.wordpress.com)
- Who Authorizes War? Constitutionally? UN or Congress? (waronterrornews.typepad.com)