BUT FOR THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE, HILLARY WOULD BE PRESIDENT…
She certainly won more votes than Donald Trump according to the reported results: 62,521,739 Clinton vs 61,195,258 Trump. Yet Trump won the election with 306 electoral votes vs Clinton’s 232. While she won the popular vote, Trump won the electoral, so without the Electoral College Clinton would be president. With it, Trump is president.
WHY DO WE HAVE THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE IN THE FIRST PLACE?
The Electoral College is to guarantee the equality of the states. Large states would always elect the president if we did not have this system. Also, it is because we have a Republic and not a Democracy.
WHY A REPUBLIC RATHER THAN A DEMOCRACY?
A Republic form of government was established in the USA to PROTECT THE RIGHTS OF MINORITY GROUPS. Most people today are not taught and may not realize this, but it is very important over time.
A REPUBLIC is similar to a representative democracy except it has a written constitution of basic rights that protect the minority from being completely unrepresented or overridden by the majority.
A DEMOCRACY is rule by the omnipotent majority. In a democracy, an individual, and any group of individuals composing any minority, have no protection against the unlimited power of the majority. It is a case of Majority-over-Man.
HOW WOULD DOING AWAY WITH THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE CHANGE POLITICS IN THE USA?
Doing away with the system we have would be a huge change. It would mean that we might never again elect a president chosen by the majority of the states in the USA. Look at the Electoral Map of the 2016 election by county. How many areas would not be represented if we did not have the Electoral College?
WHAT THE CONSTITUTION SAYS
Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States shall be appointed an elector. Article ii, Section 1, ¶ 2
The Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors and the day on which they shall give their votes; which day shall be the same throughout the United States. Article ii, Section 1, ¶ 4
The electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President and in distinct ballots the person voted for a Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President and of all persons voted for as Vice-President and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate; — The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted; — The person having the greatest number of votes for President shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. . . . [The section here deleted was superceded by provisions of the 20th Amendment]. . . . The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the Vice-President, if no such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States. Constitution, Amendment xii
If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President-elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice-President-elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President-elect not a Vice-President-elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act according until a President or Vice-President shall have qualified. Constitution, Amendment xx
The District constituting the seat of government of the United States [Washington, D. C.] shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct: a number of electors of President and Vice-President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice-President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment. Constitution, Amendment xxiii (Found at WallBuilders)
IS THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE FAIR TO MINORITIES?
It was put in place to protect minorities and over time, it is the only way to do so.